SOPACA Report: Pacific Region

1 March 2024

This report covers the IUCN region of Oceania, which comprises the following countries and territories: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Pitcairn Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands.


The region has an astounding array of ecosystems and biocultural diversity. Threats to this include habitat loss and degradation; overexploitation; invasive species; pollution; loss of traditional knowledge, practice and belief systems and human-forced climate change. Along with other conservation strategies, protected and conserved areas play a vital role in addressing these threats and safeguarding the region’s biodiversity. They are also important for their contribution to climate change mitigation and adaption, and for supporting local livelihoods and well-being.


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